THE GOLD OF THAT LAND: Biblical Minerals & Rocks  



28.     electrum

Hebrew: chashmal, Ezekiel 1:4, 27; 8:2; Septuagint, electrou.

Probable Identification: Electrum.

KJV’s rendering of chashmal as amber wins no support from modern translators. The Hebrews became acquainted with leshem in Egypt (See AMBER.”).


    Electrum is a natural pale yellow alloy of gold with 20 to as much as 50% silver.

Historical Background:

    Much Egyptian gold occurred as electrum, and electrum beads and jewelry appeared in Predynastic times. Being harder and more wear-resistant than pure gold, electrum with 55% gold and 45% silver was used in minting the earliest coins around 620 BC.



Kunz, op. cit.; 25

Ralph, Jolyon, 1993-2004.


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