THE GOLD OF THAT LAND: Biblical Minerals & Rocks  


 

 

Appendix 5

Generalized geologic time scale and stratigraphy of the Holy Land

 

Period

 

Epoch

MY

 

North

Central

Coastal Plain

Rift  Valley

Negev

 

 

Quarter-nary

Holocene

0.02

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

23

 

 

 

 

 

67

 

 

100

 

 

 

 

 

 

141

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

195

 

 

 

230

 

280

310

345

435

435

540

 

Kurkar Group

 

Dunes

Lisan

Ruhama

 

 

Pleistocene

Nashon Cgl

Bethlehem Cgl

 

Gaza Fm

Jordan Group

Cover Basalt

Ruhama Loess

Gaza Fm

 

 

Tertiary

U Pliocene

 

Lower Kurkar

Ahuzam Conglomerate

Kurdane Formation

Pleshet Formation

Upper Tiberias Group

Ahuzam

Gesher Fm

Bira Fm

 

 

L Pliocene

 

 

U Miocene

 

Shefela Group

 

Mavquim

 

 

M Miocene

Herod  Fm

Ziqlag

 NPV

Ziqlag

Lower Basalt

Hazeva

 

 

L Miocene

 

Ziqim

 

 

Oligocene

Lower Shefela

 

 

U Eocene

 

 

 

 

Middle Eocene

 

Avedat Group

Bar Kokhba

Yizreel

Meroz

 

 

 

Paleocene

Taqiye

 

 

 

Cretaceous

Senonian

Mount Scopus

Ghareb

Menuha

Mount Scopus

Ein Zeitim

Ghareb

Menuha

 

 

Turonian

 

Judea

Group

 

 

Kurnub Group

 

 

Judea

 

 

Cenomanian

 

 

Albian

 

 

Aptian

 

 

Barremian

 

Kurnub

Gevar Am Shale

 

Hatira

 

 

Hauterivian

 

 

Berriasian

Arod

 

 

 

Jurassic

Tithonian

 

 

Arad Group

 

Niram

 

 

 

Arad

 

 

Mahmai

 

Inmar

 

 

 

Kimmeridgian

 

 

Oxfordian

 

Arad

 

 

Bathonian

 

 

Bajocian

 

 

Aalenian

Nirim Ls

Ardon

 

 

Liassic

 

 

Mishor

 

 

Mishor

 

 

Triassic

Norian

 

 

Ramon Group

 

Carnian

 

 

Saharonim

Mohilla

Saharonim

Gevanim

Raaf

 

Ladinian

 

Anisian

 

Scythian

 

Paleozoic Era

Permian

Negev Group

 

Negev Group

 

Pennsylvanian

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mississippian

 

 

Devonian

 

 

Silurian

 

 

Ordovician

 

 

Cambrian

Yam Suf

 

Yam Suf

 

 

Precambrian

Undifferentiated Precambrian

 

 

 

 

 

 

Appendix 6

Prehistoric Chronology in the Holy Land

Geological Epoch

European  Ice Age

Period

Culture

Approximate Age

Lower

Pleistocene

Gunz pluvial

 

Lower

 

Paleolithic

1st Acheulian

1.8 to 1.4 My

Middle Pleistocene

Mindel

Mindel-Riss interglacial

Riss

Lower & Middle Acheulian

Upper Acheulian

700,000

to

120,000

 

Upper Pleistocene

Riss-Würm

Middle Paleolithic

Micoquian

80,000

Würm I

 

Yabrudian & Lower Mousterian

60-70,000

Würm I -Würm II

 

Upper Mousterian

 

Würm II

 

 

 

 

Würm III

Upper Paleolithic

Emireh

Emiran

35,000

 

Mesolithic

Geometric Kebaran A

15,000

Würm IV

 

 

 

Holocene

 

Post-glacial

 

 

Natufian

11,500

10,000-8,300

Pre-pottery Neolithic

Phase A

Phase B

 

Neolithic

 

5,500

Chalcolithic

Early Chalcolithic

4,500 to

3,200

Ghassulian

 


       HOME            Introduction & Contents          List & Key        Appendices & References      News Items
 Copyright 2004, 2005, 2006 by Richard S. Barnett, Virtual Curator of Biblical Geology.
All rights reserved. This site is authored by Richard S. Barnett.
All contents belong to Richard S. Barnett. Reproduction of this site, in whole or in part, is prohibited without written permission.

For problems or questions regarding this Web site contact [Curator@biblicalgeology.com].
Last updated: 05/13/06.